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Search Operators

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This page contains information about the various operators that can be used with the Advanced Name Search function. Click on any of the search operators, shown below, to learn more about how each one works.

Accrue – the more the better
Assigning Importance to search terms*
And
Or
Not
Near
Phrase
Word stemming
Soundex
Thesaurus (Synonyms)
Typo
Three in one operator
Wildcard
Search for special characters


Accrue – the more the better

Description: Finds enterprise names with at least one of the search terms. The more search terms found in an enterprise name, the higher the score of the result will be.

Operator: <accrue>

Example: computer<accrue>hardware<accrue>software<accrue>sales which is equivalent to computer, hardware, software, sales

Notes: In the example shown above, a company name that contained only the terms "computer hardware" would be found but will have a lower score than a company name that contained the terms "computer hardware and software".


Assigning Importance to search terms

Description: You can assign a weight to each search term in a query to indicate each search term’s relative importance. The weight assignment is expressed as a number between 01 and 100, where 01 represents the very lowest importance rating.

Operator: [40]

Example: [50]test, [80]help

Notes: For the example shown above, the search engine looks for stemmed variations of the words "test" and "help" and assigns a weight of 50 to the term "test" and a weight of 80 to the term "help." Search results with the highest density of stemmed variations of the term "help" would receive the highest scores.


And

Description: Finds enterprise names that must contain all of the indicated words.

Operator: <and>

Example: computer<and>hardware<and>software which is equivalent to computer and hardware and software

Notes: The example show above will find all enterprise names that contain the words "computer hardware software". An enterprise name like "computer hardware" will not be retrieved as this name does not contain the word "software". To search for the word "and" enclose the word in double quotation marks: "and".


Or

Description: Finds enterprise names that must any of the indicated words.

Operator: <or>

Example: computer<or>hardware<or>software which is equivalent to computer or hardware or software

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contain any of the words "computer hardware software". An enterprise name like "computer hardware design" will also be retrieved as this name contains the words "computer software". To search for the word "or" enclose the word in double quotation marks: "or".


Not

Description: Finds enterprise names that do not contains the indicated word.

Operator: <not>

Example: computer<and>hardware<not>software which is equivalent to computer and hardware not software

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contain the words "computer hardware" but not the word "software". An enterprise name like "computer hardware and software" will not be retrieved as this name contains the word "software". A name like "computer support software" will not be retrieved because this name does not contain the word "hardware". To search for the word "not" enclose the word in double quotation marks: "not".


Near

Description: Finds enterprise names containing words near another word.

Operator: <near/3>

Example: computer<near/4>software

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contain the words "computer" within 4 words from the word "software".


Phrase

Description: Finds enterprise names containing words in a specific order.

Operator: <phrase>

Example: <phrase>computer software which is equivalent to "computer software"

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contain the words "computer software" in the specific order.


Word stemming

Description: Finds words and their word stemming variants.

Operator: <stem>

Example: edit

Notes: The example shown above will find all word stemmed variations of the word "edit" like "edit, edited, editing, edition". To find only the word "edit" and not the stemmed variations, include the word in double quotation marks. To search for only the word "engineer" and not "engineering" or "engineers" execute the following query: "engineer"


Soundex

Description: Finds enterprise names containing words that sounds like a given word.

Operator: <soundex>

Example: <soundex>whizz which is equivalent to @whizz

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contains words that sound like "whizz"


Thesaurus (Synonyms)

Description: Finds synonyms of words

Operator: <thesaurus>

Example: <thesaurus>computer which is equivalent to #computer

Notes: The example shown above will find all enterprise names that contains any synonyms of the word "computer". These synonyms are build by CIPRO and the above query might find words like "computer, rekenaar, komper, datamasjien, sompompie"


Typo

Description: Finds enterprise names containing words or typing errors of the word. The number of characters that can be wrongly spelled in a word can be specified.

Operator: <typo/3>

Example: <typo>xcel which is equivalent to !xcel

Example: <typo/3>incredible

Notes: The first example will find all enterprise names that contain the word "xcel" or misspelled forms of the word "xcel". The second example will find all enterprise names that contain the word "incredible" or misspelled forms of the word "incredible" with possibly three characters of the name misspelled. When the operator is used without specifying the number of characters that can be wrong, a default of 2 characters are searched for.


Three in one operator

Description: This operator performs the same function as searching for <thesaurus>,<typo> and <soundex> operator on the same word.

Operator: $

Example: $eazi

Notes: The example shown above expands to the following: <SOUNDEX>eazi,<THESAURUS>eazi,<TYPO>eazi. The comma in the above statement invokes the Accrue operator.


Wildcard

Description: Allows certain wildcard searches to be performed. The wildcard characters "*" and "?" automatically enable wildcard searching. To use other constructs, use the WILDCARD operator explicitly with any of the characters shown in the table below.

Character

Function

? Specifies one of any alphanumeric character, as in ?an, which locates "ran", "pan", "can", "ban", etc. It is not necessary to specify the WILDCARD operator when you use the question mark. The question mark is ignored in a set ([ ]) or in an alternative pattern ({ }).
* Specifies zero or more of any alphanumeric character, as in corp*, which locates "corporate", "corporation", "corporal", "corpulent", etc. It is not necessary to specify the WILDCARD operator when you use the asterisk; you should not use the asterisk to specify the first character of a wildcard string. The asterisk is ignored in a set ([ ]) or in an alternative pattern ({ }).
[ ] Specifies one of any character in a set, as in <WILDCARD>`c[auo]t`, which locates "cat", "cut", "cot", etc. You must enclose the word that includes a set in backquotes (`), and there can be no spaces in a set.
{ } Specifies one of each pattern separated by a comma, as in <WILDCARD>`bank{s,er,ing}`, which locates "banks," "banker," and "banking." You must enclose the word that includes a pattern in backquotes (`), and there can be no spaces in a set.
^ Specifies one of any character not in the set, as in <WILDCARD>`st[^oa]ck`, which excludes "stock" and "stack" but locates "stick" and "stuck." The caret (^) must be the first character after the left bracket ([) that introduces a set.
- Specifies a range of characters in a set, as in <WILDCARD>`c[a-r]t`, which locates every three-letter word from "cat" to "crt".

Search for special characters

Description: Searches for special characters. Special characters are: ` ~ @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) _ + - = \ / * | > < { }

Operator: \character

Example: \@


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